Morowali Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi

Morowali Nature Reserve which is located in Central Sulawesi province, Towards Morowali nature reserve can be reached by four wheel vehicle and two wheels, Palu - Poso can be reached in 6 hours by car / motorcycle (± 210 km) followed by a car or motorcycle to Kolonodale (± 230 km) for 7 hours of Kolonodale - Baturube use water transport / speed boat ± 3 hours. Being one right choice because it provides a variety of potential, as conservation areas, Morowali have various potential as a complete ecosystem of coastal forest type to forest type mountains.
Natural beauty of this area can be used for educational purposes, research and natural pariwisata.Cagar Morowali have high conservation value because this area is one of the widest area that still exists and is an area of ​​alluvial lowland rain forest in Sulawesi. In addition to protecting the forest type that grows on wet rocks or frozen ultra wet. This nature reserve covering an area of ​​225.000 ha, also function as protection of a number of endemic species of mammals and birds that have appeal. Based on Forestry Ministerial Decree No. : 374/Kpts-VII/1986, dated November 24, 1986 designated as a nature reserve with a designation as a sanctuary complex tropical forest ecosystems.

Nature Reserve Location Map
Based on the division of administrative areas, nature reserves Morowali located in two districts, namely Kec. Petasia (Kolonodale) And Kec. North Bungku, Morowali district. This nature reserve has high conservation value because this area is one of the widest area that still exists and is an area of ​​alluvial lowland rain forest in the natural Sulawesi.Keindahan Morowali can be enjoyed mainly for tourists and adventurers who enjoyed long road activities, hiking and panoramic rain forest in Morowali, as well as by the researchers as well as socio-cultural environment.

Iklim and Topografi
Topography ranging from flat to mountainous with the main peak height are: G. Tokala (2630 m), G. Tambusisi (2422 m) and G. Morowali (2240 m). Climate Climate is an area of ​​wet tropical with an average rainfall 3500-4500 mm / year.

 History 
This nature reserve covering an area of ​​225.000 ha, also function as protection of a number of endemic species of mammals and birds that have appeal. Based on Forestry Ministerial Decree No. : 374/Kpts-VII/1986, dated November 24, 1986 designated as a nature reserve with a designation as a sanctuary complex tropical forest ecosystems.

Potential Natural Resources
As conservation areas, have various potential Morowali as a complete ecosystem of coastal forest type to forest type mountains. Natural beauty of this area can be used for educational purposes, research and tourism. 
 

Flora
Ecosystem of the region is largely dominated by the types:
1. Mangrove forests, the dominant type like (Rhizophora Bruguiera sp., Cedops sp., Pandanus sp.) and others.
2. Lowland Alluvial forests dominated by Callophyllum sp, Alstonia sp., Garcinia sp., Palaqulum and Santiria.
3. Forest Mountains, Type Castanopsis sp., Palaqulum sp. Pangium edule and Lithocarpus sp. dominated much of this forest type also contained Agathis sp., Diospyros sp. and Parinari sp.
4. Lumut forest, ecosystem type is found at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level. The trees that grow shorter and looks stunted or poor growth. Dominated by type Querqus sp, sp Litocarpus, Tristania sp. In this type of algae commonly found in fabric hanging branches and Nepenthes sp. (sac semar) big-dipuncak found many mountain peaks. Pine (Casuarina sumatrana) is a towering tree that is more dry areas and is a pure stands along the edge of S. Morowali. Agatis is the dominant crop in some areas north-east of S. Tiworo. Agatis is widely used by local communities by tapping the sap damarnya. In addition, several types of Orchidaceae lot of growing in this region.


  Fauna
1. Mammals, most big mammals of Sulawesi, including Anoa mountainous / highland endemic (Bubalus quarlessi), Babirusa (Babyroussa babirusa), monkey (Macaca tonkeana), Kus-pack bear (Phalanger ursinus), Pig (Sus scrofa), deer (Cervus timorensis) and Weasel gray (Viverra tangalunga), Tarsius sp. This region can also be found. 
(Phalanger ursinus)
 (Bubalus quarlessi)
 Tarsius sp.
(Babyroussa babirusa)
 2. Bird, Morowali has a rich habitat, so has the bird fauna of the most representative. The types of part-white albatross (Haliaetusleucogaster), grouse (Dendrocygna so.), Kum-green law (Ducula Aenea) and Kum-white law (Ducula sp.). Pelatulk endemic birds and a endemilk Coracias temminckii. Type Megapodius like Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) and birds Gosong (Megapodius frycinet) are often found on the edge of S. Morowali, valleys and canyons Masoyo sungal Sumara and some small.
Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo)
 (Enggang)
3. Reptiles, Some Bengkarung, Python (python reticulatus), grass snake (Natrixsp,) and the green snake head triangle (Trimesurus wagleri). Lizards and turtles are also present in this region.
(Bengkarung)
 (Trimesurus wagleri)

 Supporting Tourism Culture and other




Title: Morowali Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi
Posted by:Riszky Nurseno
Published :2011-05-07T08:28:00-07:00
Rating: 3.5
Reviewer: 5 Reviews
Morowali Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi

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